Metallurgical Engineering

If you think you are good with chemistry and love material sciences, this branch of engineering may suit you very well. It can be seen as a division of civil engineering.  Metallurgical Engineering focuses on the study of metallic and intermetallic elements. A thorough study of physical, chemical and behavioral characteristics of several elements from the periodic table and application of those elements is the main focus of this branch of engineering.

People have the perception that metallurgy is a dying industry and since it is not a conventional engineering branch, this branch is quite undermined, but that is not the truth. From building a giant bridge and skyscrapers to a chip for a computer, metallurgy is the first step to build a new world. Understanding the materials being used is by far the most critical step in engineering.


•    For pursuing B.Tech, 10+2 in the science branch with PCM. Any decent institute will           look for an average of  60% in these subjects and English

•    For pursuing M.Tech/ completion of B.Tech is necessary and evaluation by                   institutions is based on marks secured in GATE exams

•    For admissions in IITs JEE and JEE Advanced marks can get you into an IIT or top-             ranked NITs. One can opt for a Ph.D. after completing with the masters.


• Thermodynamics: This subject form the very foundation of mechanical, civil,                       aerospace/aeronautical, and automobile engineering. It is a major course in                         metallurgy. It is the study of heat and behavior of substances to heat and variations of         heat. The basics of thermodynamics must have been introduced to you in your 11th or        12th standard physics.

• Material Characterization: The study of metals and compounds of the periodic table, of course, leads to an understanding of the characterization of several materials. This is a major subject and if one opts to enter into the research field it is important for him/her to understand the characteristics of materials already researched and to study and record characterization of materials that are not yet recorded.

• Extractive metallurgy: Metal Extraction is a very complex job, and studying the principles of extraction, including all the safety guides is necessary. Employers from extraction firms like Vedanta or Tata group make sure that a new recruit has gained proper knowledge in extraction for the recruit to be eligible to work under an extraction site.

The above mentions are just a few core courses and trends of metallurgy. There are tons of new stuff and innovation that shape the industry, but these give you a general overview of the branch.

Job Opportunities-

Metallurgical engineers can choose to either work for industries, like steel plants and extraction companies, or choose to go into the research field which is very much in demand. Metallurgy finds application in several construction firms. Civil, mechanical and several engineering branches depend on metallurgy.

 Major steel plants recruit students after the completion of B.Tech. Some major employers are:

•    JSW group.

•    Tata

•    Birla Group.

•    SESA Stiralite

•    Vedanta

A fresher with a bachelor’s degree can expect pay from 3-10 LPA depending on the company hiring and the skill of the candidate. One can also pursue teaching after completion of a Masters degree or go into research.


Future Scope-

Like mentioned earlier, Metallurgical engineering never “dies” regardless of what peoples’ perception of the branch maybe.  People demand lightweight mobile phones and laptops; the computer and electronic giants turn toward metallurgical engineers for the replacement of older technology. People demand durable and non-corrosive structures, yet again metallurgical engineers are called into action for better replacement of materials in use.

So, if you are opting for metallurgical engineering or metallurgy in general, do not worry about what the future holds for the industry, because it has lived on for a long time and will do so in the future as well.

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